Phonological and Phonemic AwarenessPhonological Awareness is the ability to hear sounds in words. Phonological Awareness includes a set of skills that include distinguishing separate words in sentences, recognizing and separating words into syllables, distinguishing and creating rhyming words, blending onset and rime to form words, moving sounds around in words, deleting sounds and adding sounds. Phonological Awareness is a very important basic skill for children to acquire, and generally begins to develop during the preschool years.Phonemic Awareness is the awareness of individual sounds in words, which are known as phonemes. Phonemic Awareness includes isolating sounds within words, determining the beginning, middle and ending sounds in words, taking words apart into individual sounds, and blending sounds together to form words. Phonemic Awareness does not rely on knowing letters and letter names, but rather on identifying the sounds that form the words in our language. Phonemic Awareness forms the foundation for letter/sound correspondence that is one of the basic building blocks for learning to read and write.
A complete description of phonological and phonemic awareness can be found at the following websites:
Florida Reading Association
Why Is Phonemic Awareness Important?
The Importance of Phonemic Awareness in Learning to Read
Reading Rockets WebsitePhonemic Awareness Skills:
- Sound and Word discrimination: What word doesn't belong with the others: "cat", "mat", "bat", "ran"? "ran"
- Rhyming: What word rhymes with "cat"? bat
- Syllable splitting: The onset of "cat" is /k/, the rime is /at/
- Blending: What word is made up of the sounds /k/ /a/ /t/? "cat"
- Phonemic segmentation: What are the sounds in "cat"? /k/ /a/ /t/
- Phoneme deletion: What is "cat" without the /k/? "at"
- Phoneme manipulation: What word would you have if you changed the /t/ in cat to an /n/? "can"